Labor and delivery

What is a forceps delivery?

What is a Forceps Delivery?

A Forceps Delivery is a method used to help women give birth. It is more commonly used when a baby is in distress or to assist in a breech delivery. It is also used for women who have failed to make progress in labour and need a helping hand.

How does it work?

The obstetrician uses Forceps to guide the baby’s head and shoulders out of the birth canal by applying pressure on either side of the baby’s head and making scissor-like motions. The baby is then slowly and carefully pulled out.

What are the risks?

While Forceps Delivery can help a baby in distress, there are some potential risks associated with this method of delivery:

  • Damage to the baby. There is a risk of physical trauma to the baby while he or she is being born, including the risk of skull fracture and facial injury.
  • Damage to the mother. There is a risk of injury to the mother’s reproductive organs, including the cervix, vagina, and perineum.
  • Infection. There is a risk of infection for both the mother and the baby if the Forceps Delivery is not done properly.

Are there any alternatives?

Yes, there are alternative methods to assist in birth when a Forceps Delivery is not appropriate. These alternatives include:

  • Vacuum delivery.
  • Cesarean section (C-section).
  • Manual rotation.
  • Episiotomy.


A Forceps Delivery can be a helpful technique to assist in labour, but it carries risks and possible complications. It is important that a woman and her doctor carefully weigh the risks and potential complications before deciding to opt for a Forceps Delivery.

Related Articles

Back to top button
Translate »