Labor and delivery

What are the different types of pain medication available during labor?

Types of Pain Medication During Labor

Labor and childbirth can be an painful experience. To reduce pain, several types of pain medications are available to be used during labor.


Opioids are usually the first type of pain medication prescribed by a doctor. Common ones include:

  • Morphine
  • Fentanyl
  • Papaveretum

These medications work by blocking the pain signals from the body to the brain and can help provide a sense of relaxation. Opioids also have a sedative effect, so if used in large doses, they may cause drowsiness or even sleep for the mother. It’s important to be aware that opioids can have side effects, such as nausea, vomiting, and constipation.

Local Anesthetics

Local anesthetics, such as lidocaine, can also be used to reduce the pain of labor. These medications are administered directly to the area of the body that is in pain and will provide temporary relief. These medications can be used in combination with opioids, to increase the pain relief. However, local anesthetics can also have side effects, such as dizziness and lightheadedness.

Non-Opioid Analgesics

Non-opioid analgesics, such as Tylenol, can also be used to treat labor pain. These medications are usually used in combination with other medications, such as opioids, to provide relief and reduce the amount of opioid that is needed. Non-opioid analgesics can also be used to reduce inflammation and muscle aches.

Labor pain is a natural part of childbirth, but these medications can help reduce the associated pain. It’s important to talk to your doctor about the best options to provide relief and reduce the chance of any potential side effects.

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